As an employed adult in the United States, you have the right to work without encountering any type of discrimination. Still, many individuals face the threat of an unsafe and unfair work environment daily.
The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) enacts laws to protect individuals from discrimination in their workplaces. Should you find yourself affected by discrimination at your job, the EEOC provides steps for bringing a claim against your employer or a coworker, and the state of Colorado works to remedy your claim with compensation. When filing a claim, it is essential to discuss your situation with an attorney because their expertise may aid you in receiving the best outcome of your case.
EEOC discrimination laws
Under United States law, illegal discrimination in the workplace occurs when a company treats you differently based on the following identifiers.
- Genetic information
- National origin
- Sexual orientation
When colleagues or employers begin making decisions based on these factors, rather than your performance and ability, lawsuits may arise. Before filing a lawsuit against your employer, however, you must file a Charge of Employment Discrimination.
EEOC discrimination claim process
Within 180 days of your discrimination incident, you must file a claim with the EEOC either:
- In person at an EEOC office
- Online using a portal
- At a Colorado Fair Employment Practice Agency
- By mail
When filing the charge, you must include:
- Your name, address, email and telephone number
- Your employer’s name, address, email and telephone number
- The number of employees employed at your company
- A description of the discriminatory actions
- When the actions took place
- Your believed reason for your discrimination (usually one of the protected identifiers)
- Your signature
After your charge is filed, mediation, investigations and attempts to remedy the situation may occur. If your case heads to trial, you may prove eligible for compensatory damages.
In beginning the process that holds your colleagues or employer accountable for their discriminatory action, you want to hire an experienced attorney to help you collect evidence and ensure that you file all necessary documents. All employees have the right to a safe and secure work environment, and the EEOC works to rid the workplace of discriminatory behavior.